'You will have a thumb even if I have to take your toe.'
Gray’s Anatomy Cake.
A bezoar (/ˈbiːzɔər/) is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system (usually the stomach), though it can occur in other locations. A pseudobezoar is an indigestible object introduced intentionally into the digestive system.
There are several varieties of bezoar, some of which have inorganic constituents and others organic.
Bezoars were sought because they were believed to have the power of a universal antidote against any poison. It was believed that a drinking glass which contained a bezoar would neutralize any poison poured into it. The word “bezoar” comes from the Persian pâdzahr (پادزهر), which literally means “antidote”.
In 1575, the surgeon Ambroise Paré described an experiment to test the properties of the Bezoar Stone. At the time, the Bezoar stone was deemed to be able to cure the effects of any poison, but Paré believed this was impossible. It happened that a cook at Paré’s court was caught stealing fine silver cutlery. In his shame, the cook agreed to be poisoned. He then used the Bezoar stone to no great avail as he died in agony seven hours later. Paré had proved that the Bezoar stone could not cure all poisons as was commonly believed at the time.
· Food boli (singular, bolus) imitate true bezoars and are composed of loose aggregates of food items such as seeds, fruit pith, or pits as well as other types of items such as shellac, bubble gum, soil, and concretions of some medications.
· Lactobezoar is a specific type of food bezoar comprising inspissated milk. It is most commonly seen in premature infants receiving formula feeds.
· Pharmacobezoars (or medication bezoars) are mostly tablets or semi-liquid masses of drugs. Normally found following overdose of sustained release medications.
· Phytobezoars are composed of nondigestible plant material (e.g., cellulose) and are frequently reported in patients with impaired digestion and decreased gastric motility.
· Diospyrobezoar is a bezoar formed from unripe persimmons.Coca-Cola has been used in the treatment.
· Trichobezoar is a bezoar formed from hair  - an extreme form of hairball. Humans who frequently consume hair sometimes require these to be removed. The Rapunzel syndrome, a very rare and extreme case, may require surgery
Types by location
· A bezoar in the esophagus is common in young children and in horses. In horses, it is known as choke.
· A bezoar in the large intestine is known as a fecalith.
· A bezoar in the trachea is called a tracheobezoar.
Hospital themed restaurant looks pretty hospitable! -
This restaurant (follow the link) is in Taipei, so I won’t be going very soon. Needless to say, some of the features will be adopted for my next birthday party. Gin IV? Sure.
Diabetes Diet -
Stealthy new plot to slow obesity crisis/Rachel Zoe sponsored ‘Thinathon’ or possible cure for Type 2?
I think this chart really illustrates clearly the different kinds of drugs used sometimes by psychiatrist.
The tiny chihuahua doctor will see you now…
Easily the strangest thing I've read in a while...WARNING: Reading this article causes itching...